Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Ministry of Transport has closely focused on the general requirements of "building, managing, maintaining and operating rural roads" put forward by General Secretary Xi Jinping, and has taken the "four good rural roads" as a service to build a well-off society in an all-round way. It is an important carrier for society, promoting agricultural modernization, and allowing the people to share the fruits of reform and development. It strengthens top-level design, strengthens organizational guarantees, increases capital investment, and fully promotes the development of rural roads. By the end of 2016, the total mileage of rural roads across the country had reached 3.96 million kilometers, 99.99% of townships and 99.94% of administrative villages had access to roads, and 99.02% of townships and 95.37% of administrative villages had access to buses.
Rural road services have achieved remarkable results in poverty alleviation. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, 982,000 kilometers of rural roads have been newly rebuilt, 406 new townships have access to hardened roads, and 59,588 administrative villages have access to roads. Focused on supporting the construction of about 25,000 kilometers of resource roads, tourist roads, and industrial roads in concentrated contiguous destitute areas, which has changed the appearance of backward traffic in poor areas. The rapid development of rural roads has effectively promoted industries such as characteristic planting and breeding, rural e-commerce, passenger and cargo transportation, and rural tourism, which has strongly supported the development of modern agriculture and the new rural economy, and has helped farmers increase their income and become rich.
The ability of rural roads to benefit the people has been steadily improved. In recent years, the Ministry of Transport has incorporated the newly reconstructed rural roads into "transportation closer to people's livelihood", and has exceeded the set target every year. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the central government has invested 401.6 billion yuan in rural road construction. In 2017, the Ministry of Transport further increased investment in rural roads, and allocated 90.58 billion yuan of vehicle purchase tax for rural road investment throughout the year, accounting for 36.3% of the total annual vehicle purchase tax. Rural roads have truly played an inclusive role in connecting urban and rural areas and serving agriculture, rural areas, and rural areas, enabling farmers to share the fruits of transportation development.
Rural roads have achieved remarkable results in helping the construction of beautiful countryside. The transportation department vigorously carried out the construction of beautiful rural roads, comprehensively improved the road area environment, blended with the ecological environment and human history, created a series of "smooth, comfortable and beautiful" rural road landscapes, and helped form a large number of livable and business-friendly roads. , characteristic towns and beautiful villages suitable for visiting.
The level of rural transportation security continued to improve. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the grade rate of rural roads has reached 89%, an increase of 4 percentage points; the rate of hardened roads has reached 73%, an increase of 10 percentage points. The establishment rate of county-level and township-level management and maintenance institutions reached 99.9% and 92.9% respectively, basically realizing that "every road must be managed"; the maintenance rate of rural roads reached 97.5%, basically realizing "every road must be maintained"; excellent medium roads The rate reached 80.7%, and the pace of "care must be in place" has accelerated. At the same time, in order to create a safer traffic environment, about 221,000 kilometers of rural road safety and life protection projects have been implemented, and 12,500 dangerous bridges have been renovated to make farmers travel safer and more comfortable.
The "13th Five-Year Plan" is the decisive stage of building a well-off society in an all-round way. The transportation system will resolutely implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important instructions on rural road work, and comprehensively promote the coordinated development of "four good rural roads".
The first is to overcome difficulties in construction and resolutely win the battle of poverty alleviation through transportation. Focus on the construction of "Kangzhuang Avenue" and speed up the realization of the backbone passageway connecting the outside world and the inside; speed up the implementation of the "Happy Xiaokang Road" to realize the rural roads connecting villages and villages, and ensure that the townships and administrative villages in poverty-stricken areas are fully completed by 2019. Steadily promote the "characteristic roads to prosperity", build a number of resource roads, tourism roads, and industrial roads, and build a three-level rural logistics distribution network in counties and villages; make every effort to build "safety and peace of mind roads", focus on implementing rural road safety and life protection projects, and ensure that in 2020 The management of potential safety hazards on rural roads and above roads has been basically completed.
The second is to strengthen management innovation, further improve the organizational security system, and implement five-level responsibilities at the provincial, city, county, township, and village levels; strengthen financial security, strengthen government investment and leading responsibilities, and improve the hierarchical and classified input system; strengthen technical guidance and performance appraisal.
The third is to take maintenance as the main direction of rural roads and consolidate the achievements of rural road construction. Promote the standardization, specialization, and mechanization of rural road maintenance, and encourage regions with developed economies and mature markets to steadily promote the marketization of rural road maintenance.
The fourth is to improve the service level of rural roads. Implement the "Village-to-Village Passenger Vehicles" project, and realize qualified organic village-to-village buses by 2020. Promote the layout and construction of rural freight stations, speed up the construction of a three-level logistics network system in rural areas, counties and villages, so that agricultural products can be transported to cities more quickly and efficiently, and household appliances, agricultural materials, and daily necessities can be delivered to farmers more conveniently, speeding up the reduction of urban and rural areas The gap allows peasant brothers to enjoy the same modern life as urban residents.